The two nations had been in a state of almost perpetual tension for the previous century; in this time they had fought three wars over matters of empire and politics. The British and the French had been competing for territory in the rich land to the west of the Appalachians; settlers from both nations built forts and laid claim to beaver-runs and waterways; each would regularly ignore the claims of the other. The British were especially paranoid about the actions of the French.
Perhaps more than any defining moment in American history, the War of Independence is swathed in beliefs not borne out by the facts. Here, in order to form a more perfect understanding, the most significant myths of the Revolutionary War are reassessed.
Actually, the British cabinet, made up of nearly a score of ministers, first considered resorting to military might as early as Januarywhen word of the Boston Tea Party reached London. Recall that on December 16,protesters had boarded British vessels in Boston Harbor and destroyed cargoes of tea, rather than pay a tax imposed by Parliament.
Throughout earlythe prime minister and his cabinet engaged in lengthy debate on whether coercive actions would lead to war. A second question was considered as well: Could Britain win such a war? Parliament enacted the Coercive Acts—or Intolerable Acts, as Americans called them—and applied the legislation to Massachusetts alone, to punish the colony for its provocative act.
England also installed Gen. Thomas Gage, commander of the British Army in America, as governor of the colony. In Septembercolonists convened the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia; the members voted to embargo British commerce until all British taxes and the Coercive Acts were repealed.
News of that vote reached London in December. The Americans had neither a standing army nor a navy; few among them were experienced officers. Furthermore, the colonists had virtually no history of cooperating with one another, even in the face of danger.
In addition, many in the cabinet were swayed by disparaging assessments of American soldiers leveled by British officers in earlier wars. For instance, during the French and Indian WarBrig. Could the Royal Navy blockade the 1,mile-long American coast?
Might not an American army of this size replace its losses more easily than Britain? Was it possible to supply an army operating 3, miles from home?
Could Britain subdue a rebellion across 13 colonies in an area some six times the size of England? Would a protracted war bankrupt Britain?
Was Britain risking starting a broader war? To back down, the ministers believed, would be to lose the colonies. To be sure, the initial rally to arms was impressive.
When the British Army marched out of Boston on April 19,messengers on horseback, including Boston silversmith Paul Revere, fanned out across New England to raise the alarm.
Summoned by the feverish pealing of church bells, militiamen from countless hamlets hurried toward Concord, Massachusetts, where the British regulars planned to destroy a rebel arsenal.
Thousands of militiamen arrived in time to fight; 89 men from 23 towns in Massachusetts were killed or wounded on that first day of war, April 19, By the next morning, Massachusetts had 12 regiments in the field. Connecticut soon mobilized a force of 6, one-quarter of its military-age men.
Within a week, 16, men from the four New England colonies formed a siege army outside British-occupied Boston. Thereafter, men throughout America took up arms. It seemed to the British regulars that every able-bodied American male had become a soldier.
But as the colonists discovered how difficult and dangerous military service could be, enthusiasm waned. Many men preferred to remain home, in the safety of what Gen. As progressed, many colonies were compelled to entice soldiers with offers of cash bounties, clothing, blankets and extended furloughs or enlistments shorter than the one-year term of service established by Congress.
The following year, when Congress mandated that men who enlisted must sign on for three years or the duration of the conflict, whichever came first, offers of cash and land bounties became an absolute necessity.France in the American Revolutionary War Jump to The French Army in the American War of Independence Osprey; A Diplomatic History of the American Revolution; Yale U.
Press, Dull, Jonathan R. The French Navy and American Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy – (). Benedict Arnold () was an early American hero of the Revolutionary War () who later became one of the most infamous traitors in U.S.
history after he switched sides and fought for. Plus Interactive American History Free Games for Kids. Free Use Clipart. Free Video Clips, Movies. Free Templates for Presentations in PowerPoint format. The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between and The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of barnweddingvt.com defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (–) in alliance with France and others..
Members of American colonial society argued the position of "no taxation. The French and Indian War 8b. The French and Indian War The French chapter of North American history had ended in a bloody finale. Fort Ticonderoga All Indians did not side with the French in the French & Indian War.
The British raised an entire company of Mohicans from Stockbridge, Massachusetts. A timeline of the events of the American Revolution, from the French and Indian War up through the drafting and ratification of the Constitutuion.