Historiography[ edit ] Since the territory understood by the term 'Austria' underwent drastic changes over time, dealing with a History of Austria raises a number of questions, eg. Furthermore, should an Austrian history include the period —, when it nominally did not exist?
The origins of present-day Austria can be traced back to prehistoric times. Austria was inhabited by Celtic peoples from prehistory until it fell under Roman control in the first century B.
By the late second century C. Christianity, which became the official religion of the Roman Empire, had become established in the region by the end of the fourth century.
Austrians call their country Osterreich eastern empire. The name dates to about C. A march is a protective zone set up to defend a border area. In the tenth century, German king Otto I named it Ostarichi eastern kingdomfrom which the modern German name, Osterreich, derives.
The Latin name, Austria, had appeared by the twelfth century. Nine provinces comprise Austria.
Because the country is landlocked and bordered by eight other countries with their own distinctive cultures, the people of each province tend to be different. Surrounded by so many other cultures, Austria has often been subjected to cultural "invasions," which are a source of the differences among the provinces.
Another source of the diversity is the Alps, which cover 62 percent of the country. The distinctions also occurred because different groups settled in Austria. With the advent of Communism in Eastern Europe, many people fled to Austria from the former Czechoslovakia and Hungary.
Despite pronounced provincial differences, however, the people of Austria are proud of their country and their independent identity as Austrians.
Located in south-central Europe, Austria is a landlocked, mountainous country, with an area of approximately 32, square miles 83, square kilometers. Its western portion is a narrow strip that extends between Germany and Italy.
The Danube River, Austria's only navigable waterway, flows from southeastern Germany across northern Austria. Areas of major settlement are in the Danube valley and in the lowlands or hills north, east, and south of the Alps.
The Alps are the distinguishing physical feature of Austria, dominating the western, southern, and central regions of the country, with the highest point at Grossglockner, 12, feet 3, meters.
Although the Alps usually did not demarcate the provinces' political boundaries, they were often impassable. Many inhabitants of Alpine valleys were thus isolated and developed their own distinct dialects, dress, folklore, and architecture, and could easily determine the origins of outsiders. Modern mass media and mobility have diminished many of these distinctions.
The population count was 8, estimate, 8,about 95 percent of whom were ethnic Austrian. Other numerically significant ethnic groups include Slovenes, Croats, and Czechs.
Austria has one of the world's lowest birthrates, and much of the population is under age twenty-five or over sixty-five. About 65 percent of the population is urban, the largest city by far being Vienna 1.
Austria is the only country other than Germany where the official language is German, and approximately 98 percent of the population speaks High German or a dialect of it.Austro-Hungary,Austrian Empire,Franz Joseph,Golden fleece order,Order of the Iron Crown,Order of Franz Joseph,Order of St Stephen,Order of Maria Theresa,der .
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FITTYDENT INTERNATIONAL is an Austrian company founded in We specialize in the manufacture and marketing of unique Denture Care and Oral Hygiene Products with a clearly defined USP (Unique Selling Proposition). Mar 12, · Im doing a family history project for school and we need to write a 5 page paper about family history.
My great great grandmother immigrated from Austria in the early 's, and i need to know more about what life was like in Austria during this time (rulers, life in general) so i Status: Resolved. Philology, traditionally, the study of the history of language, including the historical study of literary texts.
It is also called comparative philology when the emphasis is on the comparison of the historical states of different languages. The philological tradition is one of painstaking textual analysis, often related to literary history and using a fairly traditional descriptive framework.
Austria’s declaration of war against Serbia marked the beginning of World War I. Emperor Franz Joseph dies in and after the end of the war in the first Republic of Austria was established, ending the year old Habsburg dynasty.