A student of anatomist Georges Cuvier, Agassiz adapted his teacher's pioneering techniques of comparative anatomy to paleontology, and he rose to prominence as a distinguished systematist, paleontologist, and educator. Agassiz introduced science to ordinary citizens to an unprecedented degree; people around the world read his books, sent him specimens, and consulted his opinion.
The son of a pastor,  Agassiz was educated first at home, he then spent four years of secondary school in Bienneentering in and completing his elementary studies in Lausanne. In he received the degree of doctor of philosophy at Erlangenand in that of doctor of medicine at Munich.
They returned home to Europe with many natural objects, including an important collection of the freshwater fish of Brazilespecially of the Amazon River. Spix, who died indid not live long enough to work out the history of these fish, and Martius selected Agassiz for this project.
The task of describing the Brazilian fish was completed and published in Enlarging his plans, in he issued a prospectus of a History of the Freshwater Fish of Central Europe. It was only inhowever, that the first part of this publication appeared, and it was completed in The fossil fish in the rock of the surrounding region, the slates of Glarus and the limestones of Monte Bolcasoon attracted his attention.
At the time, very little had been accomplished in their scientific study. Agassiz, as early asplanned the publication of a work which, more than any other, laid the foundation of his worldwide fame.
Five volumes Essay on classification agassiz his Recherches sur les poissons fossiles "Research on Fossil Fish" were published from to They were magnificently illustrated, chiefly by Joseph Dinkel.
With Benjamin Peirce Agassiz found that his palaeontological analyses required a new ichthyological classification.
The fossils he examined rarely showed any traces of the soft tissues of fish, but, instead, consisted chiefly of the teeth, scales, and fins, with the bones being perfectly preserved in comparatively few instances. He, Essay on classification agassiz, adopted a classification that divided fish into four groups: Ganoids, Placoids, Cycloids and Ctenoids, based on the nature of the scales and other dermal appendages.
The 1, original drawings made for the work were purchased by the Earl, and presented by him to the Geological Society of London. Inthe Wollaston Medal was awarded to Agassiz by the council of that society for his work on fossil ichthyology; and, inhe was elected a foreign member of the Royal Society.
Meanwhile, invertebrate animals engaged his attention. The strange forms of the Pterichthysthe Coccosteus and other genera were then made known to geologists for the first time. They were of intense interest to Agassiz, and formed the subject of a monograph by him published in — Ice age[ edit ] InAgassiz proposed that the Earth had been subjected to a past ice age.
In the same year, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Prior to this proposal, Goethede SaussureVenetzJean de CharpentierKarl Friedrich Schimper and others had studied the glaciers of the Alps, and Goethe,  Charpentier and Schimper  had even concluded that the erratic blocks of alpine rocks scattered over the slopes and summits of the Jura Mountains had been moved there by glaciers.
These ideas attracted the attention of Agassiz, and he discussed them with Charpentier and Schimper, whom he accompanied on successive trips to the Alps. Agassiz even had a hut constructed upon one of the Aar Glacierswhich for a time he made his home, to investigate the structure and movements of the ice.
But he went further, concluding that, in the recent past, Switzerland had been covered with one vast sheet of ice, originating in the higher Alps and extending over the valley of northwestern Switzerland to southern slopes of the Jura.
The publication of this work gave fresh impetus to the study of glacial phenomena in all parts of the world. There they found clear evidence in different locations of glacial action.
The discovery was announced to the Geological Society of London in successive communications. The mountainous districts of England, Wales, and Ireland were understood to have been centres for the dispersion of glacial debris.
Agassiz remarked "that great sheets of ice, resembling those now existing in Greenland, once covered all the countries in which unstratified gravel boulder drift is found; that this gravel was in general produced by the trituration of the sheets of ice upon the subjacent surface, etc.
|Kindle Feature Spotlight||Later, he accepted a professorship at Harvard University in the United States.|
|Essay on Classification||I have a paper summarising these arguments in the Journal of the History of Biology:|
|Louis Agassiz - Wikipedia||Later, he accepted a professorship at Harvard University in the United States. Educated first at home, then spending four years of secondary school in Bienne, he completed his elementary studies in Lausanne.|
|Agassiz (): Darwinsim - Classification of Haeckel||Louis Agassiz I have devoted my whole life to the study of Nature, and yet a single sentence may express all that I have done.|
|Editorial Reviews||Try AbeBooks Description A major influence on the development of American scientific culture, Swiss-born Louis Agassiz was one of the great scientists of his day. Agassiz introduced science to ordinary citizens to an unprecedented degree; people around the world read his books, sent him specimens, and consulted his opinion.|
United States[ edit ] With the aid of a grant of money from the King of PrussiaAgassiz crossed the Atlantic in the autumn of to investigate the natural history and geology of North America and to deliver a course of lectures on "The Plan of Creation as shown in the Animal Kingdom,"  by invitation from J.
Lowellat the Lowell Institute in BostonMassachusetts. The financial offers presented to him in the United States induced him to settle there, where he remained to the end of his life. Agassiz also felt each human race had different origins, but Gray believed in the unity of all humans.
During his tenure at Harvard, Agassiz studied the effect of the last ice age on North America. ByAgassiz was so well-loved that his friend Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote "The fiftieth birthday of Agassiz" in his honor, and read it at a dinner given for Agassiz by the Saturday Club in Cambridge.
He also published a catalog of papers in his field, Bibliographia Zoologiae et Geologiae, in four volumes between and In Aprilhe led a party to Brazil. Returning home in Augustan account of this expedition, entitled A Journey in Brazil, was published in A major influence on the development of American scientific culture, Swiss-born Louis Agassiz () was one of the great scientists of his day.
The Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, founded by Agassiz, is still a leading natural history museum. The French translation of Agassiz's Essay on classification includes a chapter, not found in earlier editions, that clearly explains Agassiz's reasons for resisting barnweddingvt.com chapter is available on the Web thanks to its translator, Paul J.
Morris. The French translation of Agassiz's Essay on classification includes a chapter, not found in earlier editions, that clearly explains Agassiz's reasons for resisting Darwinism.
This chapter is available on the Web thanks to its translator, Paul J. Morris.
Agassiz (): Darwinsim - Classification of Haeckel The following is a rough translation of the text of one of the three chapters that Louis Agassiz added to the French Translation of his Essay on Classification, under the title of De l'Espece et de la Classification en Zoologie.
The greater portion of volume one was entitled Essay on Classification, in which Agassiz delineated the theoretical principles and philosophy of his craft that made comprehensible the subsequent special studies.
Essay on Classification by Louis Agassiz.
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Clothbound. Excerpt. Pain, Pleasure, and Æsthetics An Essay Concerning the Psychology of Pain and Pleasure, With Special Reference to Æsthetics by Henry Rutgers Marshall.