Write an essay describing how Oedipus, as a tragic hero, might also qualify as an epic hero.
Life[ edit ] Traditional accounts of the author's life are found in many commentaries and include details such as these: He was born on Salamis Island around BC, with parents Cleito mother and Mnesarchus fathera retailer who lived in a village near Athens.
Upon the receipt of an oracle saying that his son was fated to win "crowns of victory", Mnesarchus insisted that the boy should train for a career in athletics. In fact the boy was destined for a career on the stage, where however he was to win only five victories, one of which was after his death.
He served for a short time as both dancer and torch-bearer at the rites of Apollo Zosterius. His education was not confined to athletics: He had two disastrous marriages and both his wives—Melite and Choerine the latter bearing him three sons —were unfaithful. He became a recluse, making a home for himself in a cave on Salamis The Cave of Euripideswhere a cult of the playwright developed after his death.
They are derived almost entirely from three unreliable sources: This biography is divided into three sections corresponding to the three kinds of sources. A statue of Euripides, LouvreParis. A fabled life[ edit ] Euripides was the youngest in a set of three great tragedians who were almost contemporaries: The identity of the threesome is neatly underscored by a patriotic account of their roles during Greece's great victory over Persia at the Battle of Salamis —Aeschylus fought there, Sophocles was just old enough to celebrate the victory in a boys' chorus and Euripides was born on the very day of the battle.
It is said that he died in Macedonia after being attacked by the Molossian hounds of King Archelaus and that his cenotaph near Piraeus was struck by lightning—signs of his unique powers, whether for good or ill according to one modern scholar, his death might have been caused instead by the harsh Macedonian winter.
Plutarch is the source also for the story that the victorious Spartan generals, having planned the demolition of Athens and the enslavement of its people, grew merciful after being entertained at a banquet by lyrics from Euripides' play Electra: Aristophanes scripted him as a character in at least three plays: The AcharniansThesmophoriazusae and The Frogs.
Yet Aristophanes borrowed rather than just satirized some of the tragedian's methods; he was once ridiculed by a colleague, Cratinusas "a hair-splitting master of niceties, a Euripidaristophanist".
They sit at the feet of Socrates Till they can't distinguish the wood from the trees, And tragedy goes to POT; They don't care whether their plays are art But only whether the words are smart; They waste our time with quibbles and quarrels, Destroying our patience as well as our morals, And making us all talk ROT.
After a debate between the two deceased bards, the god brings Aeschylus back to life as more useful to Athens on account of his wisdom, rejecting Euripides as merely clever.
Such comic 'evidence' suggests that Athenians admired Euripides even while they mistrusted his intellectualism, at least during the long war with Sparta. Aeschylus had written his own epitaph commemorating his life as a warrior fighting for Athens against Persia, without any mention of his success as a playwright, and Sophocles was celebrated by his contemporaries for his social gifts and contributions to public life as a state official, but there are no records of Euripides' public life except as a dramatist—he could well have been "a brooding and bookish recluse".
Euripides' mother was a humble vendor of vegetables, according to the comic tradition, yet his plays indicate that he had a liberal education and hence a privileged background. His final competition in Athens was in BC. The Bacchae and Iphigenia in Aulis were performed after his death in BC and first prize was awarded posthumously.
Altogether his plays won first prize only five times. His plays and those of Aeschylus and Sophocles indicate a difference in outlook between the three men—a generation gap probably due to the Sophistic enlightenment in the middle decades of the 5th century: Aeschylus still looked back to the archaic periodSophocles was in transition between periods, and Euripides was fully imbued with the new spirit of the classical age.
Believed to have been composed in the wilds of Macedonia, Bacchae also happens to dramatize a primitive side to Greek religion and some modern scholars have therefore interpreted this particular play biographically as: On the other hand, if you do get a reputation for surpassing those who are supposed to be intellectually sophisticated, you will seem to be a thorn in the city's flesh.Oedipus: The Tragic Hero By thespian Webster dictionary defines a hero as a person, who is admired or idealized for accurately describes Oedipus’ character, tragic hero is more of an apt description.
OEDIPUS: A TRAGIC HERO? In Sophocles play, Oedipus the King, Oedipus is an example of a tragic hero because he fulfills all of the prerequisites of a tragic hero.
As more evidence surfaces, more and more of said evidence points to Oedipus' guilt. Element #3: Downfall Eventually, a Shepard comes to Thebes and tells Oedipus of his true heritage.
Illustration courtesy of Justine Shaw, © Origins Frank Herbert () was an unusually bright boy who grew up with sporadically alcoholic parents during the Great Depression. TIME SCHEDULE WEEK 1: History of Drama (An overview) (Read Much Ado About Nothing).
A. Oedipus the King B. Oedipus At Colonus C. Antigane WEEK 2: The Medieval Period A. History of the Medieval Period. B. Discussion of Everyman.
WEEK 3 & 4: The Elizabethan Period. - Oedipus as a Tragic Hero According to Aristotle's theory of tragedy and his definition of the central character, Oedipus the hero of Sophocles is considered a classical model of the tragic hero.
The tragic hero of a tragedy is essential element to arouse pity and fear of the audience to achieve the emotional purgation or catharathis. Hamartia: Hamartia, (hamartia from Greek hamartanein, “to err”), inherent defect or shortcoming in the hero of a tragedy, who is in other respects a superior being favoured by fortune.
Aristotle introduced the term casually in the Poetics in describing the tragic hero as a man of noble rank and nature whose.