Gandhi and Civil Disobedience Mohandas K. Wikimedia Commons Mohandas K. Gandhi, often referred to as Mahatma, the Great Soul, was born into a Hindu merchant family in He was heavily influenced by the Hinduism and Jainism of his devoutly religious mother.
Choice of specific act[ edit ] Civil disobedients have chosen a variety of different illegal acts. Bedau writes, There is a whole class of acts, undertaken in the name of civil disobedience, which, even if they were widely practiced, would in themselves constitute hardly more than a nuisance e.
Such acts are often just a harassment and, at least to the bystander, somewhat inane The remoteness of the connection between the disobedient act and the objectionable law lays such acts open to the charge of ineffectiveness and absurdity.
Bedau also notes, though, that the very harmlessness of such entirely symbolic illegal protests toward public policy goals may serve a propaganda purpose. In cases where the criminalized behaviour is pure speechcivil disobedience can consist simply of engaging in the forbidden speech.
Threatening government officials is another classic way of expressing defiance toward the government and unwillingness to stand for its policies.
For example, Joseph Haas was arrested for allegedly sending an email to the Lebanon, New Hampshirecity councillors stating, "Wise up or die. Laws against public nudityfor instance, have been protested by going naked in publicand laws against cannabis consumption have been protested by openly possessing it and using it at cannabis rallies.
In this way, they might be considered coercive. Brownlee notes that "although civil disobedients are constrained in their use of coercion by their conscientious aim to engage in moral dialogue, nevertheless they may find it necessary to employ limited coercion in order to get their issue onto the table.
Electronic civil disobedience can include web site defacementsredirectsdenial-of-service attacksinformation theft and data leaksillegal web site parodiesvirtual sit-insand virtual sabotage.
It is distinct from other kinds of hacktivism in that the perpetrator openly reveals his identity. Virtual actions rarely succeed in completely shutting down their targets, but they often generate significant media attention.
The demonstrator was arrested moments later. Some disciplines of civil disobedience hold that the protestor must submit to arrest and cooperate with the authorities.
Others advocate falling limp or resisting arrestespecially when it will hinder the police from effectively responding to a mass protest. Many of the same decisions and principles that apply in other criminal investigations and arrests arise also in civil disobedience cases.
For example, the suspect may need to decide whether or not to grant a consent search of his property, and whether or not to talk to police officers. Thoreau wrote, My civil neighbor, the tax-gatherer, is the very man I have to deal with—for it is, after all, with men and not with parchment that I quarrel—and he has voluntarily chosen to be an agent of the government.
How shall he ever know well that he is and does as an officer of the government, or as a man, until he is obliged to consider whether he will treat me, his neighbor, for whom he has respect, as a neighbor and well-disposed man, or as a maniac and disturber of the peace, and see if he can get over this obstruction to his neighborliness without a ruder and more impetuous thought or speech corresponding with his action.
Choice of plea[ edit ] An important decision for civil disobedients is whether or not to plead guilty. I feel I did the right thing by violating this particular law; I am guilty as charged," but that pleading not guilty sends a message of, "Guilt implies wrong-doing.
I feel I have done no wrong. I may have violated some specific laws, but I am guilty of doing no wrong.
I therefore plead not guilty. At a pre-arranged announced time, one at a time they stepped across the "line" and were immediately arrested. They were put on a bus and taken to the Nye County seat of Tonopah, Nevada, and arraigned for trial before the local Justice of the Peace, that afternoon.
A well known civil rights attorney, Francis Heisler, had volunteered to defend the arrested persons, advising them to plead nolo contendereas an alternative to pleading either guilty or not-guilty. The arrested persons were found guilty nevertheless and given suspended sentences, conditional on their not reentering the test site grounds.
But that is different than the notion that they must go to jail as part of a rule connected with civil disobedience.
The key point is that the spirit of protest should be maintained all the way, whether it is done by remaining in jail, or by evading it.
To accept jail penitently as an accession to "the rules" is to switch suddenly to a spirit of subservience, to demean the seriousness of the protest In particular, the neo-conservative insistence on a guilty plea should be eliminated.
Mahatma Gandhi pleaded guilty and told the court, "I am here to Burgos-Andujar, a defendant who was involved in a movement to stop military exercises by trespassing on US Navy property argued to the court in allocution that "the ones who are violating the greater law are the members of the Navy".
As a result, the judge increased her sentence from 40 to 60 days.Civil Disobedience enjoyed widespread influence, both in the United States and abroad. Most famously, the work inspired Russia's Leo Tolstoy and India's Mahatma Gandhi.
Later, it lent force to the American Civil Rights Movement. ESSAY ON MAHATMA GANDHI Mahatma Gandhi was born in the Porbandar city of Gujarat in october 2nd, His father name is Karamchand Gandhi, the diwan of Porbandar, and his wife, Putlibai.
Since his mother was a Hindu of the Pranami Vaishnava order, Gandhi learned the tenets of non-injury to living beings, vegetarianism, fasting, mutual. Civil Disobedience Gandhi Essay Mahatma Gandhi used civil disobedience because he knew that it was the only way that the Indian people could fight the Great Britain laws.
Gandhi's called his form of civil disobedience "Satyagrahis" and, one of the believe that Satyagrahis gave was that Indian people where strong and with that believe it. Feb 22, · His essay "Civil Disobedience" has influenced countless great men, including Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Although, he was regarded as a nature writer, "he declined membership in a scientific society, saying he was, 'a mystic, a transcendentalist, and . "Civil Disobedience," an essay that later influenced both Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.
was written by the transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau The great increase of the slave population in the first half of the nineteenth century was largely due to. "Civil Disobedience," an essay that later influenced both Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr was written by the transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau Virtually all the distinguished historians of early-nineteenth-centruy America came from.