HIV blood tests and results Diagnosis is made through a blood test that screens specifically for the virus.
Medically, it is the appearance of a serious, often fatal, disease in numbers far greater than normal. Socially, it is an event that disrupts the life of a community and causes uncertainty, fear, blame, and flight.
The etymology of the word itself suggests the broader, social meaning: The medical meaning of the epidemic has been revealed in the sobering numbers reported in epidemiologic studies.
It is estimated that 1 million people are currently Aids complete summary essay with the human immunodeficiency virus HIVwhich causes AIDS Centers for Disease Control,but this number is very uncertain see Technical Note at the end of this chapter.
Behind the epidemiologic reports and the statistical estimates lies the social disruption of the epidemic: The National Academies Press. And behind the individual lives are the manifold ways in which a variety of institutions and practices have been affected by the epidemic.
In the course of preparing those reports, the committee noted that many of the social consequences of the epidemic were not being studied in any systematic way. Thus, in the committee established the Panel on Monitoring the Social Impact of the AIDS Epidemic, with the general mandate to study the social impact of the epidemic and to recommend how it could be monitored in order to contribute to the formulation of policies that might effectively deal with it.
In the course of its work, the panel, with the agreement of the parent committee and the several federal agencies that were sponsoring its work, modified this mandate and deleted the plan to recommend systems for monitoring.
This report is an unusual undertaking for the National Research Council. Its objective is to form a picture of the effects of the AIDS epidemic on selected social and cultural institutions in the United States and to describe how those institutions have responded to the impact of the epidemic.
No attempt has been made to write a comprehensive history—there are not yet adequate studies of the epidemic upon which to base such an effort. Instead we have been selective in looking at those institutions for which sufficient information is available to describe impact and response.
These descriptions cannot be considered complete and authoritative; but we do believe they suggest a pattern that should be of concern to the country and command the attention of policy makers attempting to deal with the epidemic over the next decade. Each case has many dimensions—personal, professional, and institutional—through the many social organizations that touch Page 3 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Each set of interactions creates an impact, and the diverse impacts have generated equally diverse responses by individuals, groups, and communities.
The panel set out to study these impacts, and it immediately confronted the problem of defining the terms of reference. Reaching deeper into the language, however, impact has a more powerful meaning—collision.
In this use of the word, an impact is an effect that radically changes the previous state of affairs or even destroys it.
After much discussion, the panel adopted a definition of impact that fits somewhere between these two meanings. We adopted this hybrid meaning not only because it more accurately describes the impact of AIDS on contemporary America—social institutions have not been destroyed—but because we quickly realized that social impact does not merely destroy; it evokes a reaction or a response.
It is more organic than physical. Persons and societies do not merely feel the impact of an event; they remake their lives and institutions to accommodate, negate, or preserve its effects. The task of this panel was to go beyond, to the extent possible to limited human vision, the impression of the extraordinary impacts of AIDS on individual lives and on social institutions.
We have tried to sort out those that will endure in such a way as to force, or to invite, Americans to take them into account in the next decade. This epidemic is not ordinary in one quite specific way: This epidemic is not, like many historical epidemics, an invasion of morbidity and mortality that rapidly sweeps through a population.- AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is a disease of an individual’s immune system caused by HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus 1).
HIV-1 is a retrovirus of the lentivirus subfamily. This virus is atypical in that it does not require mitotically active cells to reproduce. Essay on HIV/AIDS: Signs, Symptoms and Prevention!
Human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of. HIV and AIDS Timeline A lot has changed about HIV/AIDS in the last 30+ years.
Learn about the history of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. Learn about the history of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. Making A Difference. Africa is the world’s largest region affected by the HIV and AIDS virus. According to statistics, Aids in Africa killed an estimated million people last barnweddingvt.com estimated population of million people in Africa was living with HIV at the end of while an additional million people were infected with the virus during that year.
AIDS is one stage in the course of the HIV disease, which must be diagnosed by a physician. Debate around the origin of AIDS has sparked considerable interest and controversy since the beginning of .
HIV and AIDS AIDS and HIV are both very serious conditions that can occur within the body if one does not take care of themselves and practice safe sex. AIDS is the disease caused by HIV.
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. /5(10).